When people hear domestic violence, they immediately assume that the abuse is of the physical kind, resulting into bodily injuries. But this is not always the case. There are different kinds of domestic violence cases and they also have different effects on victims.
Physical abuse happens when a person inflicts incidental force towards another. In the case of domestic violence, this force may come in many forms, such as punches, kicks, chokes, and slaps. The force may also be complemented by objects, such as baseball bats, and common household items like belts. This kind of abuse is also the easiest to detect because it may result into injuries.
Couples may have sexual relations, but it doesn’t mean that one of them can force the other in performing sexual acts. Behaviors like unwanted touching, forceful persuasion of not using contraceptives and abortion, and outright rape, are some of the most common sexual abuse cases.
Emotional abuse has one primary target – the victim’s self-worth. Acts of humiliation and extreme criticism may count as emotional abuse, but it is important to note that these acts should be significant enough to warrant a domestic violence case. Most of the time, these acts are complemented with other forms of abuse to maximize their effect.
There are other kinds of abuse, but they are not as animated as the ones stated above. For this reason, they may be harder to detect because of the lack of evidence. These kinds include the financial and psychological aspects of the victim. Maybe the abuser is not letting the victim to get a job or an education. Maybe the abuser is not letting the victim to talk to anybody and lock the victim in an isolated area. These incidents may have a significant impact on the economic position and the psychological condition of the victim.
Defense Against Accusations
There are times where domestic abuse claims can be exaggerated and misunderstood, resulting into undeserved penalties. According to the website of the Horst Law, domestic violence accusations can be defended. This is proof that the law looks at the side of both accused and accuser before judgment can be enforced.